Water is the most precious of our natural resources. Because Israel is a semi-arid country with frequent and recurring drought periods, every drop of water is vital.
Sustainability of our water supplies, in our homes and in agricultural fields, is a top priority and major concern for the State – and for all Friends of Israel's Environment!
Israel's water economy is characterized by a growing demand for drinking water and water for agriculture and industry coupled with rapidly dwindling natural water sources due to overuse, industrial and agricultural pollution and climate change.
In efforts to increase water supply and find sustainable ways to address water scarcity over the past decade, Israel has turned to water-smart innovations, including the reuse of wastewater, drip irrigation and the rapid construction of five desalination complexes along the Mediterranean shoreline.
One of Israel's five desalination plants.
Desalination has created a revolution in water supply in Israel - 70% of Israel's drinking water. Yet as overreliance on manufactured water production dangerously grows, so do concerns regarding health implications due to the lack of magnesium and other essential minerals in desalinated drinking water as well as the environmental, marine and economic impacts of the energy intensive desalination plants.
Although desalination has eased Israel's water shortage, the needs of the growing population, effects of climate change and widespread groundwater pollution make Israel increasingly susceptible to further water stresses.
Maximizing Israel's natural water resources through remediation and reuse.